By Yi Wang
This e-book presents a entire assessment of the evolution of Beijing’s city constitution within the twentieth century, examining crucial social and monetary alterations within the housing region. concentrating on the city adjustments that happened less than the industry financial system after 1978 and past, the booklet addresses the demolition of courtyard homes in Beijing’s previous urban, the relocation of low-income households from the previous urban, the government’s position concerning housing within the urban, and home segregation in Beijing. increasing at the author’s PhD thesis on the collage of Cambridge, it's illustrated with a wealth of ancient pictures and maps of Beijing. offering suitable descriptions, vast literature and case stories, the ebook deals a helpful source for college students and students of structure, city experiences and chinese language reports. First released in 2013 through velocity in Hong Kong, it has seeing that been further to the libraries of many uncommon universities, together with Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Columbia, Yale, Stanford, Cornell, U Penn, NYU, UC Berkeley, Hong Kong college, UBC in Canada and the collage of Witwatersrand in South Africa.
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Extra resources for A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century
18 Two of the “Ten Major Constructions”: the Cultural Palace of Nationalities (left) and the Great Hall of the People (right). Source By courtesy of the Reference Room of the School of Architecture, Tsinghua University this plan accelerated the construction of new industrial enterprises within the city. In the course of only two years, from 1958 to 1960, 800 new factories were built in Beijing: these included textile mills in the eastern and north-western suburbs and electron tube factories in the north-eastern suburbs, with a floor area of about three million square metres.
With regard to the rapidity and intensity of 6 1 Introduction Fig. 2 The area investigated in this study (roughly the same as the programmed scope of Beijing’s Master Plan). Source Drawn by author urban change in Chinese cities in the twentieth century, Gaubatz once, in 1998, gave a vivid description: “Chinese cities have changed more in the past ﬁfty years than in the preceding 500, and in many ways have changed more in the past ﬁve years than in the preceding ﬁfty” (Gaubatz 1998). Beijing is probably the best representative of this.
After the Ming capital had moved to Beijing, During the construction of the new palace, in order to make more space for the new palace in the south, the original southern city walls of Dadu were moved two li outwards in 1416. A century later, the area outside the southern city walls became a flourishing built-up district. In order to protect the growing population, the construction of yet more walls was started in 1553. The original plan was to surround the entire city completely with a second layer of city walls.
A Century of Change: Beijing's Urban Structure in the 20th Century by Yi Wang